Geo-informatics technologies for decision support in marine activity within the Russian Northern seas including natural risks management and adaptation to climate changes
|Lead Author||Valery, Abramov|
|Institution Contact||Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Malookhtinsky prospect 98, Saint-Petersburg, Russia|
|Co-Authors||George Gogoberidze, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Russia Eugene Istomin, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Russia Nikolay Popov, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Russia Ruslan Bachiev, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Russia|
|Theme||Theme 1: Vulnerability of Arctic Environments|
|Session Name||1.1 Climate Change and Environmental Management in the Arctic|
|Abstract text||Marine activity in the Russian Northern seas is an important component of the Strategy for development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF) till 2020 (AS-2020). When implementing AS-2020 important aspect is the management of natural risks. The planning horizon of AS-2020 requires the development of measures to adapt to climate change. Management of natural risks and adaptation to climate change require the development of innovative technologies for decision support, based on the principles of geo-information management. In Russia, the program-target method (PTM) is widely used to manage the development of marine activity. In the framework of PTM considerable attention has to be paid to risk management. The most common is currently the factor approach to risk management, which is based on dividing the variety of risks of different nature on the economic and non-economic, external and internal. Important and least studied factor group external non-economic risks for the marine activity in the Russian Northern seas constitute natural risks, including those caused by hazardous weather phenomena (HWP) and climate change in Arctic. We proposed that natural risks management must be conducted with using innovative GIS technologies to support decision making. In the Arctic climate change is happening, the rate of which is approximately two times higher than the similar process in the planet as a whole. A possible cause is the arrival of black carbon in the Arctic due to the General circulation of the atmosphere, including from Russia. To manage climate risks due to black carbon we proposed strategy for the development of clean technologies in the framework of the national system of control black carbon. This strategy involves extensive use of information-analytical systems as tools for decision support in the development of measures to adapt to climate change.
Research is executed with financial support of the Ministry of education and science of Russia (state assignment 2525.2014/166).