Western Siberia as a natural mega-science facility - basis for large network projects and research consortiums

Lead Author Sergey, Kirpotin
Institution Contact Bio-Clim-Land Center of Excellence Tomsk State University 634050, Lenina Avenue, 36, Tomsk, Russia
Co-Authors Oleg Pokrovsky, GET (Géosciences Environnement Toulouse), UMR 5563 CNRS, 14 Avenue Edouard Belin, Toulouse, France; BIO-GEO-CLIM Laboratory, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russian Federation Terry Callaghan, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Scheffield, UK; The Trans-Siberian Scientific Way Centre, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russian Federation Sergey Vorobiov, BIO-GEO-CLIM Laboratory, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
Theme Theme 1: Vulnerability of Arctic Environments
Session Name 1.3 Siberian Inland Waters: Vulnerability to Global Change and Human Impact
Datetime Thu, Sep 15, 2016 10:30 AM - 10:45 AM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text Located on the vast territories from the Arctic Ocean coastline to its southern borders with Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China, and from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean, Siberia is a huge expanse for research with a maximum extension of 3500 kilometers from North to South, and more than 7000 kilometers from West to East. Due to its incredible size, in comparison with other regions, Siberia can be called “the Universe” because any project implemented on its territory is by definition of universal scale.
If approximately 60% of the Russian territory is located in the permafrost area, the major part of it is located in Siberia. Moreover, the Siberian Arctic region, and especially its western segment, is the hottest point of a warm spell in the world. Indeed, the north of Siberia is one of the most vulnerable places in terms of global warming. Metamorphoses that we see in this region due to its continental climate are the most dramatic and significant in comparison to other parts of the globe. The changes taking place here are impressive and are of huge importance for the whole planet. And opportunities for environmental research in Siberia are practically unlimited; they are unique and of interest to the international scientific community.
Siberian landscapes regulate many natural processes on a global scale. For example, they have an impact on carbon balance, and they influence global climate change. As a result of long-term complex research in Siberia, a concept of Siberia has been formulated in Tomsk State University as a unique natural mega-system which regulates the carbon cycle and the planet climate to a large extent, which is unprecedentedly accessible to researchers and attractive for the global scientific community, and which can become the basis for large network projects and research consortiums.
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