Social and Economic Aspects of the Arctic Region in the Frames of Sustainable Development Concept: yesterday, to-day and in Future.

Lead Author Andrey, Alimov
Institution Contact St.Petersburg State University, School of International Relations, Department of the World Policy; Russian State Hydrometeorological University, the Department of Social and Humanitarian Sciences;
Co-Authors Abramov V.M., Russian State Hydrometeorological University; Mandryka O.N. Russian State Hydrometeorological University; Terekhova A. St.Petersburg State University; Stecko E.W. St.Petersburg State University; Melvin G. Weissman University of Colorado, USA
Theme Theme 1: Vulnerability of Arctic Environments
Session Name 1.4 Vulnerability of Arctic Communities to Natural Disasters
Datetime Wed, Sep 14, 2016 03:15 PM - 03:30 PM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text The Arctic region is one of a highly vulnerable territories of our Planet. But at the same time this region is very rich in many different natural resources. Many of them have to be used by modern human society with oil, natural gas, and biological resources and so on, including different energetic resources. The Arctic has its own long history. According to archeological researches the first human beings set here in X-IX centuries B.C. On the other hand was mentioned in different times. For example in the XVII century A.D. there were so called "town-states" in the Northern part of Western Siberia. The best known one was called "Mangazeya". Russian merchants conducted special expeditions in order to get new markets in those territories. In the middle of the XX century special scientific researches were started. But know the Arctic countries undertake new researches, namely in the field of ecological, geographical, geophysical researches in that area bearing in mind that those territories are the place of indigenous nations live there in our days. But the population of this region is strongly interested in extraction natural and mineral resources. According to the UN Charter they have a right to develope their economy. In those regions the volume of natural resources is big, but they have low environmental sustainability. The indigenous settlers are in need of financial and other social and economic support from their governments. This approaches well developed in Canada and the US. The Russian Federation has to pay much more attention to these aspects of development. At the same time it is necessary to get support by nongovernment voluntary organizations. This is better made in the US and Canada. A special trend in socio-economic development should be addressed to ecological (environmental aspects. It is necessary to provide well organized environmental education aimed at formation of environmental culture and consciousness. The research is provided with support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (State Assignment 25.25. 2014/66)
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