Sustainable development of ecosystems and local communities in the industrial development of the Arctic regions

Lead Author Ivan, Potravniy
Institution Contact 117997 Russian Federation , Moscow, Stremmianiy per., 36
Co-Authors V.V. Gassiy, Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russia Tatjana Tambovceva, Riga Technical University, Latvia S.A. Zakharov, Head of Environmental Services, JSC "Almazy Anabara", Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
Theme Theme 1: Vulnerability of Arctic Environments
Session Name 1.5 Assessment of Environmental Impact of Industrial Activities in the Arctic
Datetime Wed, Sep 14, 2016 11:00 AM - Thu, Sep 15, 2016 11:15 AM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text In recent years, there is a process of active industrial development of the territories, including the lands of compact habitat of indigenous peoples of the North. The future of the Russian Arctic zone is undoubtedly associated with the subsoil use development, which is of economic modernization. However, in this context, the important question is the interests’ correlation of the indigenous inhabitants (the preservation of culture, traditional nature use etc.) with the objectives of subsoil user companies. Therefore the development of interaction mechanisms of business with indigenous peoples of the North in industrial territories is must be developed in according to target groups’ interests. Thus one of the tools to reconcile the interests of the target groups in the field of traditional nature use is an ethnological expertise of projects. The examples of such mechanism implementation for target groups interests’ coordination in the area of traditional nature use can be found in the industrial development practice of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). As the modern Russian practice analysis shows the industrial development areas in indigenous peoples’ habitat areas without adequate accounting for their opinions, interests and needs, as well as environmental and socio-economic factors (e.g. Sakhalin projects on shelf; the mineral resources mining in the Yamal-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi autonomous okrugs etc.) may cause a conflict of interest between target groups (communities, government, business etc.). To address them in environmental management it is necessary to establish the legal framework of the subsoil user interaction with the authorities, tribal communities engaged in traditional nature use. The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) has become a pioneer in legal regulation of the traditional nature use sphere. One of the main instruments of such regulation is ethnological expertise.
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