Optional Ways for Enhancing Arctic Heritage in Russia
|Lead Author||Pavel, Filin|
|Institution Contact||Deputy Director at the Krassin IceBreaker, World Ocean Museum Subdivision. Russia, St-Petersburg, Naberezhnaya Leitenanta Schmidta str., 23|
|Co-Authors||Tamara Semenova, Heritage Institute, Russia|
|Theme||Theme 2: Vulnerability of Arctic Societies|
|Session Name||2.1 The role of law and institutions in Arctic transformation process|
|Abstract text||Major Russian strategic documents (such as National Programme for Action for the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment) do not include preservation of tangible and intangible heritage. Nonetheless, heritage is recognized as the essential driver of the sustainable development, the ultimate goal of such progress plans. In accommodating modern transformation focus on allowing change while protecting the heritage values is most important. Practical solutions are based on comparative analysis of the various legal instruments and their operational use in the contemporary Russian policy.
Managing change is a participated responsibility with a need to define heritage qualities that transfer values into legal protective systems; to identify heritage attributes as physical manifestations against which it is possible to measure impacts; to clearly state authenticity as a baseline quality against which to monitor change; and to safeguard cultural landscapes and seascapes.
Existing instruments, such as Environmental Impact Assessment, have incorporated social and cultural factors through public involvement when it is possible to consider impact of heritage on projects rather than of projects on heritage. General impact assessment methodology and its expansion to Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) marks a transition to screening social process from identification and evaluating to mitigation of effects (e.g. the EU Scoping Directive includes heritage factors; management tools; objectives and best practice principles). By discussing alternative strategic options, SEA methodology encourages political will towards integrated approaches placing sustainability at the heart of decision-making: from technical solutions to strategic options, institutions and governance; from projects to policies and to a strategic thinking culture.
Methodology for World Heritage sites selection and management is another tool for managing change, it can be specific in the remote areas and particular in the lands where indigenous peoples live.
Integrated Territorial Conservation Programme and the Living Heritage Programme are the other instruments to be elaborated for heritage practitioners.