Towards Sustainability of Local Communities: Interaction between State Authorities, Oil Companies and Indigenous People
|Lead Author||Svetlana, Tulaeva|
|Institution Contact||University of Lapland (Finland), Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Russia)|
|Theme||Theme 2: Vulnerability of Arctic Societies|
|Session Name||2.1 The role of law and institutions in Arctic transformation process|
|Datetime||Wed, Sep 14, 2016 03:20 PM - 03:40 PM|
|Abstract text||The intensive industrial development of most countries at the close of the 20th century focused attention on the problem of preservation of pre-industrial traditions and customs. This was reflected in the burst of interest in the problems of interrelationships between the state, corporations and indigenous peoples sticking to their traditional way of life. This paper describes the features of the interaction between indigenous peoples, oil companies and public authorities in Russia. I examined two cases, representing different models of interaction: reindeer-herding communities in the Nenets District and Nivkh fishing communities on Sakhalin. The special attention was paid the role of global standards in the formation of the patterns. The first case demonstrates the paternalistic mode of interactions. The state is dominant in this mode and global standards are not taken into account. The company adds to or substitutes for the state’s efforts providing in-kind support to indigenous people. This paternalistic mode originates mostly from the lingering effects of the Soviet past and creates a dependency of indigenous people on the oil companies. The second case represents a partnership mode, where the global standards play a significant role. Tripartite partnership agreements – among the state, the company and indigenous people – are based on global standards and implemented on the ground.
I analyzed the factors affecting the formation of these patterns of interaction. Also I described the impact of these modes on the sustainability of local communities.
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