Preservation of Territories and Traditional Activities of the Northern Indigenous Peoples in the Period of the Arctic Industrial Development

Lead Author Ksenia, Ivanova
Institution Contact Tyumen State University
Co-Authors Elena Gladun, Tyumen State University
Theme Theme 2: Vulnerability of Arctic Societies
Session Name 2.2 Resource development and building capacity in Arctic communities
Datetime Thu, Sep 15, 2016 01:45 PM - 02:00 PM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text The northern regions are rich in mineral resources and all the Arctic states are interested in their exploration and development. Development of mineral resources of the Arctic region is one of the priorities of Russia's economic policy in the new century, the basis of its powerful energy potential. However, the Arctic is not only a resource base but it is primarily a home and area of traditional life, economic and cultural well-being of indigenous peoples. The Arctic is one of pristine and fragile ecosystems of the world; 40-50 indigenous peoples inhabit its territories. The Arctic is the area where indigenous peoples live, preserve their culture and develop their own management system, traditional values. The intensive industrial development, carried out today in the Arctic regions of the Russian Federation and other Arctic countries, brings positive economic and social changes, but also adds to climate change, environmental problems, and the destruction of lifestyle and traditional activities of indigenous peoples. The existing problems of indigenous peoples include harsh living conditions, dependence on the state protection, economic instability, loss of ancestral lands and natural resources, bad assimilation with the "migrant population".
Experience of indigenous peoples and their role in the sustainable use of the Arctic territories are rarely taken into account in the process of the Arctic industrial development. There are gaps in federal and regional legislation regulating the environmental and natural resource rights of indigenous peoples, ensuring their traditional way of life and economy.

To preserve the environment and traditional activities of indigenous peoples new legal regulations should be adopted aiming at protection and preservation of indigenous peoples territories. The researchers and public authorities should examine the international experience, use the best practices applied in the northern regions of the Russian Federation (for example, in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District).
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