||Instituteof Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Moscow, Staromonetniy 29
||Andrey Petrov, University of Northern Iowa, USA
Sergey Volkov, Institute of Agricultural Economy, Russian Academy Science
Alexander Khropov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Ivan Lytkin, Soil Science Institute by V.V. Dokuchaev , Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
||Theme 2: Vulnerability of Arctic Societies
||2.5 Geopolitics and Security of the Arctic
Thu, Sep 15, 2016 01:10 PM
- 01:20 PM
||In the last few years due to the global trend of rising food prices as well as climate changes impacts, the food security issues are becoming of increasing concern in the Arctic and need developing appropriate solutions. The aggravation of the food situation in the villages of the indigenous peoples of Canada and Alaska is analyzed in several reports and papers in which special programs to identify the factors that determine food security and food sovereignty especially in the territories of traditional economic activities were developed. The food security issue needs interdisciplinary approaches for understanding and transdisciplinary activities for identification of key variables to monitor in different regions of the Arctic states, such as Canada, the USA, Greenland and Russia. Indicators for food security transdisciplinary socially-oriented observations (SOOs) have started to be developed within the international “ASUS: Arctic sustainability: synthesis of knowledge” project co-funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, National Science Foundation and other funds. Approaches for such problem and solutions-oriented observation network construction are discussed in the paper. One of the main principles of such SOOs network construction is bringing together different agencies and stakeholders, involving traditional and local knowledge, its integration with the science as well as political decisions and building education capacities. The preliminary list of key indicators for food security SOOs is provided including: mixed cash/subsistence economy, government subsidies, access to traditional food and its harvest, access to markets, health of wildlife and biophysical environment, changes in sea ice, rights of indigenous and local people to access land and to protect the land and water, sharing community systems and others. Special attention is paid to variables of the entire socio-ecological systems resilience and sustainability important for food security SOOs.
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