||It is indisputable that the main factor of economic development of the North is human potential. Key indicators of all strategy and programs of development of the Arctic and the North of regions finally put the mission improvement of quality of life of the population, creation of conditions of development and accommodation. The biopolicy gets into the scientific sphere, directing on search of answers to actual calls. The global climate change menacing with thawing of ices, permafrost forces to pay attention of science to a phenomenon of the person since ancient times living in kriolitozona conditions. Human capacity of territories of the Arctic can't be estimated and developed without identification of a phenomenon of the person of a kriolitozona. Yakutia is characterized as the most occupied territory among cold regions of the planet. All territory of the republic is in a zone of permafrost and is located between the North Pole planets, the Polar circle and the recorded zones with record-breaking low air temperatures in the Northern hemisphere. Need of formation of effective northern policy demands a quality and quantitative standard of interrelation between the human potential and economic development of the North and zones of the Arctic, an assessment of influence of economic growth and the income of the population on dynamics of the population, change of educational level, life expectancy. The quantitative assessment of social consequences of economic, social and institutional reforms concerning the North and the Arctic, and also creation of the effective models allowing to predict human development in northern regions taking into account change of social and economic factors is necessary. The detailed analysis of evolution of northern social policy is necessary for the account and effective use of the saved-up experience of management of development of the human capital. It is necessary to generalize experience of research of concepts of management of human development of the North and the Arctic providing efficiency of the realized social policy in the conditions of formation of the new social and economic and socio-political relations important ensuring development of productive forces in the conditions of cold, the merzlotnykh of soil, studying of biological and technical problems of a kriolitozona is. At the moment there are no the indicators of an assessment of human potential and the human capital reflecting aspects of human life in the conditions of a kriolitozona in conditions of the North and the Arctic. Actually to develop techniques of calculations of social indexes of a human kapiatal of human potential, introduction of correction coefficients, forecasting of social and economic development of territories of a kriolitozona, development of educational, health saving, cultural and environmentally safe programs of the North and the Arctic.