Healthy Families, a key factor for sustainable indigenous communities in the circumpolar North?

Lead Author Eva, Carlsdotter Schjetne
Institution Contact UiT the Norwegian Arctic University Institute of Child Care and Social Work Campus Alta, N-9509 Alta , Norway
Co-Authors Nadezdha Melnikova Institute of Psychology Nortn Eastern Federate University named after Ammosov, Yakutsk, Russia
Theme Theme 3: Local and Traditional Knowledge
Session Name 3.2 Local and traditional knowledge in supporting business and community development in indigenous regions of the North
Datetime Thu, Sep 15, 2016 11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text Background
We present the development work, introducing family work and communicational psychology principles into the innovational economic processes during the realization of the project "Innovative Development of the Northern Territories” (2009-2014) under the leadership of N.V. Okhlopkova. There was a close cooperation within the UArctic network, Local and Regional Development, between Finnmark University College, Alta, Norway, now UiT the Arctic University of Norway, Institute of Finance and Economics, North Eastern Federate University, named after M. K. Ammosov (NEFU), Yakutsk, Russia, and Development Psychological Aid Centre (NEFU).
The main goal for the project was to create a social partnership, which brings together scientists, locals and administration. In those community development projects, the contribution from the field of Psychology was System Theory, Community Work and Family Therapy. To include the psychological dimension in business development has proved to ease the working processes.

Research method
Action research, interview, analysis of psychological seminars and training sessions.

Results
Confronted with the problems presented when we meet both administrative staff and villagers, we saw the need for family work and communicational family therapy. Drinking problems, depression and suicide are not only great personal tragedies, but seriously threaten the development of human capital. The families are important because through the extended family systems traditional cultural and spiritual traditions, as well as traditional knowledge are passed on to new generations. At the same time family life is an ongoing dynamic process, constantly interacting with the environment and take in influences from modern conditions. Thus they are active in contributing to production and entrepreneurship.
Conclusions
The experience of the project has shown that the psychological and economic development are two inseparable components of rural development. Methods of family therapy and communicational psychology are the most important tools for extending the family competence and building of social capital.
 Download to your calendar