||The University of the Arctic's Thematic Network on Local and Regional Development in the North
The University of Melbourne
||Julia Yushkova, Komi Business Incubator, Syktyvkar
||Theme 3: Local and Traditional Knowledge
||3.2 Local and traditional knowledge in supporting business and community development in indigenous regions of the North
||There has been a growing interest in the role that local (traditional, Indigenous) knowledge can play in participatory approach to sustainable community development. In general, such knowledge refers to knowledge systems based on accumulations of empirical observation and interaction with the environment embedded in the cultural traditions that are crucial for the subsistence and survival. However, little understanding has been developed of what is meant by local knowledge when socio-economic development and well-being of Indigenous and rural communities are concerned. This is especially important in the context of developing alternative options to extractive industries. The paper conceptualizes local knowledge in supporting socio-economic and community development in Indigenous and rural communities and defines the ways and instruments of how local knowledge and local voices can be incorporated into policy and decision-making process. It does so based on the extended literature review and case studies of development workshops in Komi-Izhma people’s villages in northern Komi Republic and Evenks Indigenous communities in southern Yakutia. The discussion has implications for the understanding of instruments for incorporation of local knowledge into community development efforts in remote communities and open the space for consideration of alternative ways of imagining the future.