Local Entrepreneurship among indigenous people of the Arctic Russia
|Lead Author||Masanori, Goto|
|Institution Contact||Slavic-Eurasian Research Center, Hokkaido University Kita-9, Nishi-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-0809, Japan|
|Theme||Theme 3: Local and Traditional Knowledge|
|Session Name||3.2 Local and traditional knowledge in supporting business and community development in indigenous regions of the North|
|Datetime||Thu, Sep 15, 2016 01:15 PM - 01:30 PM|
|Abstract text||It has long been discussed in the fields of economics and business administration that entrepreneurship of actors in the market should be a kind of engine of economic growth. It is usually regarded as one of indices of economic development, and sometimes its level is statistically worked out from the number of enterprises as legal units. Such an approach is also applied to Russia, as well as other former socialist countries, all the more because it has experienced a radical change of economic structure. Some argue that fragility of institutional base and inelastic energy-dependent economy prevent Russia from growing legal entrepreneurship in the sound market.
Anthropological approach provides an alternative way of looking at entrepreneurship. According to the pioneer work of Fredrik Barth, The Role of the Entrepreneur in Social Change in Northern Norway (1963), entrepreneurs play the role of broker, who can capture the channel of value change in relations. She or he can make profit by expanding, short-circuiting, and creating new flow of values from one sphere to another. Entrepreneurship like that from anthropological point of view is found among the indigenous people of the Arctic Russia. A study of entrepreneurship in the local context will not only provide another viewpoint on the living of indigenous people, but also suggest a possibility of intermediary position between them and industrial development.
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