Traditional Knowledge as a Resource for Development of Local Communities of Indigenous people
|Lead Author||Oksana, Romanova|
|Institution Contact||M. K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, 58 Belinsky str, Yakutsk, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia, 677027|
|Theme||Theme 3: Local and Traditional Knowledge|
|Session Name||3.2 Local and traditional knowledge in supporting business and community development in indigenous regions of the North|
|Abstract text||Local and traditional knowledge acts as a resource for a socio-economic development of indigenous communities of the North. Such knowledge evolves and preserves at the same time, transmitting from one generation to the next on the level of an ethnic community. This knowledge also forms a basis for cultural and spiritual identity.
At the same time, traditional knowledge is not only a guarantee for preservation of a cultural heritage of the Northern communities, not only an ecological buffer for protection of an environmental balance, but it can also be a foundation for development of production and entrepreneurship.
Traditional knowledge as a resource for socio-economic development of local communities of indigenous people contributes to:
- Preservation of “we” in the context of multiculturalism;
- “Soft” adaptation to changes in external environment;
- Preservation of surrounding nature and ecology;
- Formation and development of small and medium entrepreneurship around traditional activities, such as deer farming, fishery and hunting;
- Creation of new “economic culture” in mutual relations;
- Finally, redesign of traditional way of living of indigenous people.
Analysis of the modern way of living of indigenous people of the Yakutian North in recent years clearly demonstrates two tendencies.
The first tendency – preservation of isolation of indigenous people’s lives based on traditional types of activities at the territories of their compact living.
The second tendency is traceable in integration of indigenous people of the North (voluntarily or involuntarily) in the process of globalization through implementation of new kinds of activity, use of modern technologies in education, state and municipal services and other spheres.