Well-being in Tromso. The influence of student relationships on well-being and perceived quality of life. What is the influence of cyber relations?
|Lead Author||Steinar, Thorvaldsen|
|Institution Contact||University of Tromso ILP Mellomveien 110 9037 Tromso, Norway|
|Co-Authors||Gunstein Egeberg, University of Tromso, Norway. John A. Ronning, University of Tromso, Norway.|
|Theme||Theme 4: Building Long-term Human Capacity|
|Session Name||4.4 Circumpolar Health and Well-Being|
|Datetime||Wed, Sep 14, 2016 02:00 PM - 02:15 PM|
|Abstract text||It is well known that children’s experience of transactions with peers play an important part in children’s development and socialization. Bullying of other children, or being a victim of bullying, has repeatedly been documented to exert negative influence on children’s development. However, research has uncovered uncertainty about the definition of bullying. With the introduction of cyber bullying Slonje & Smith argue for a debate on the criteria for something to be called bullying. Thus, it seems imperative to conduct qualitative and quantitative studies on how students, teachers and parents define bullying, its prevalence and short and long term effects on well-being.
The study is designed both as a prospective longitudinal and as a cross-sectional time trend study starting with six schools in late fall 2013. The project involves researchers, students, school teachers, children from grade 4-10, and their parents. Seven schools are involved. Feedback to schools are given through annual dialog conferences, and the research will be carried out in the school context by actively participating in shaping a better school while conducting the research.
The questionnaire we apply in our study contains four different tools of measurements; KINDLR, which measures quality of life (QoL) for children, The Strengths and Difficulties Self-report Questionnaire (SDQ), and a traditional- and cyberbullying questionnaire. We have studied different aspects on peer-harassment (verbal, physical, social and cyber) in order to find out whether these different means of bullying differs between genders and age. We have also studied how QoL is affected by bullying.
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