Development of functional food for people working in the arctic
|Lead Author||Natalia, Kuzmina|
|Institution Contact||Northern State Medical University, 163000, Arkhangelsk,Trotsky avenue, 51|
|Co-Authors||Ksenia Bolotova, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Russia; Galina Degteva, Northern State Medical University, Russia|
|Theme||Theme 4: Building Long-term Human Capacity|
|Session Name||4.5 Work and workers in the Arctic|
|Abstract text||The harsh conditions of the Far North have specific requirements for the physical state of the person. Energy costs for people working in the Far North, increased by 15% and by 15% in proportion to the increased needs in proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
There is research was conducted in the expedition in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District in 2014. The study of the diet of shift workers found that their diets are deficient in vitamin A (5.6 times below the norm), beta-carotene (2 times below the norm), vitamin B2 (1.5 times lower than the norm) vitamin C (1.76 times less than the norm) and calcium (2 times lower than the norm). Also by a number of elements found exceeding the normative values of physiological needs: for sodium - in 5 times, phosphorus - in 2 times, iron - in 2 times and vitamin B1 - in 2 times.
On the basis of the calculated data marked by the need for correction of the diet of shift workers in the Arctic. Developmented of juice drinks on the basis of the resources of the northern territories: wild berries, pine buds and taiga honey. These drinks are characterized by good organoleptic properties and have a high biological value. The obtained juice drinks contain vitamins B1 – 0,5 ... 80,5 g/l, B2 – 19,2 ... 133,8 g/l, B6 – 7,8 ... 67,1 g/l, А – 53, 1 ... 69,1 g/l and E – 5,3 ... 8,1 g/l. Most vitaminized drinks are drinks from cranberry, raspberry, cranberry and cloudberry.
Achieves results of the development of functional foods will be the implementation of measures for adaptation and preservation of human health in extreme living conditions.