Factors influencing the functional condition of shift workers in the Arctic
|Lead Author||Mariya, Tumanova|
|Institution Contact||Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Arkhangelsk, Russia|
|Co-Authors||Natalia Simonova, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Russia|
|Theme||Theme 4: Building Long-term Human Capacity|
|Session Name||4.5 Work and workers in the Arctic|
|Abstract text||Shift work organization defines a certain rhythm of life of professionals. Productions, operating in the shift work, different number of features. There are heavy physical and mental work that requires human endurance and raised concentration of attention, personal responsibility; monotonous work; isolation of group during the whole period in the shift; lack of diversity in the methods of relaxation in the shift period; lack of communication with relatives. These conditions determine specifics of the social and environmental adaptation specialists in the conditions of shift work.
Functional state of shift workers identifies a number of factors: climatogeographic features (influence of of solar radiation, wind, cold, high humidity of air, electromagnetic fields); organizational characteristics of the company (vibration, microclimate at the enterprise, artificial lighting, harmful substances, labor intensity, monotony of work); social and psychological characteristics (group isolation, reduced variability of vacation spots, difficulty in communication with their relatives).
As a result of all the complex factors on the workers there is deterioration in their general condition. Thus, the conditions of work shift method, characterized by many limitations, lead to serious disturbances in the body and psychological problems, if the degree of extremality exceeds some limits and violated hygiene requirements of shift work.
Self-control of functional conditions in these extreme conditions is an important skill of a specialist, working shift method, and promotes effective adaptation to the conditions of the shift.