"Where we live, everything is by nature - both in life and work": specificities of Chukotka natives' labour behaviour in the present-day environment
|Lead Author||Nikolay, Kulik|
|Institution Contact||Chukotka branch of North-Eastern Federal University. Russia, Anadyr, Studencheskaya st. 3. Tel. +74272224955|
|Co-Authors||Anastasia Yarzutkina, Chukotka branch of North-Eastern Federal University. Russia|
|Theme||Theme 4: Building Long-term Human Capacity|
|Session Name||4.5 Work and workers in the Arctic|
|Datetime||Thu, Sep 15, 2016 01:15 PM - 01:30 PM|
|Abstract text||Due to industrial production development, mineral resource mining activation and traditional types of economic activity renaissance, the ethno-cultural division of labour in the Far North is nowadays becoming more obvious. The basis of such division comes from specificities of labour behaviour among representatives of different cultures' communities. There is also some discrimination on the grounds of national origin during recruitment. Often, the employer is orientated not towards education, knowledge and skills, but to his/her own view of possible labour behaviour of people of different nationalities. Such a stereotypical model as "Native" or "Chukcha" is defined in Chukotka. This employee image includes not only those belonging to native small-numbered peoples - Chukchis, Inuits, Evens, Yukaghirs, but also certain labour behaviour characteristics. They are revealed within the process of comparison of labour understanding by employees from different cultural environments and also, of what is suitable and desirable work, labour motives and actions which connect the employee with the labour process, orientation towards the time, level of productivity etc. For instance, work and long-term staying in Tundra during winter is heroism for Russians, and for Chukchis it is normal, but plants' cultivation can be impossible for natives.
My own observations and many of interviews with employers, employees, newcomers and Chukotka natives revealed features of indigenous nationality's labour behaviour, which are based on their cultural and world-view traditions. Relying on field ethnographic material, the cultural basis of such distinctive behavioural characteristics as a rejection of regulation within labour processes, preferences or a lack of acceptance of certain activity types and attitude towards salary, will be shown and described.
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