Arctic Touring and a Problem of Presentation of North Siberia Outcrops of Mammoth Fauna

Lead Author Gennady, Kiselev
Institution Contact Institute of Earth Science, SPbSU 16 Liniya, 29, Saint-Petersburg, 196178, Russia
Theme Theme 5: New Markets for the Arctic, including Trade, Tourism and Transportation
Session Name 5.1 Arctic Tourism Futures
Presentation Type Poster
Abstract text Uncommon paleontological speciments and collections of fauna and flora were announced as cultural values (UNESCO, 1970, 1972; Decision of Government of Russian Federation , 1993, 2001).
The first commercial fossils of Russia were skeletal remnants of Mammuthus primigenius from “ frozen earth” of North Siberia which were very value at China, Middle Asia and Europe.
Remnants of mammoths, bisons and coelodonta are known from frozen earth of different localities of Russian Arctic.
These representatives of animal of Ice-Age to be of interest for paleontologists and for tourists too.
Very important for researches are mummies of baby of ancient pleistocene animals, slab with fragments of tissue and skin, hair cover with remnants of microbiota and fragments of flora in stomach.
These findings can get an opportunity use preservations of cells structures for reconstructions and for an attempts for cloning of ancient animals.
Outcrops of animals of Ice-Age are a paleontological natural heritages. These outcrops are very interesting for tourists and for business men (‘hunters for fossils”) are using fossils as a souvenirs, in trade them to a private collections or use mammoth tusk and tooths as a substitute ivory.
Paleontological collections of mammoth fauna are collected from outcrops by a privete persons (“hunter for fossils”) without an official licence and they have infringed a scientific methods of collecting of fossils. In this occasion taphonomical and paleoecological scientific information are destroyed and outcrops of mammoths are disappeared.
These unique outcrops were announced as national heritages of Republic Sakha (Yakutia) for a keeping of scientific information about Ice-Age biota and was created The Mammoth Museum at city Yakutsk which was visited by more then five hundred tourist groups since 2014 year.

Summary

The report deal with a discussion concerning of MAMMOTH subjects as a scientific objects or an element of “paleoart”, souvenirs and material for a trade and business.