Safe Snow and Ice Constructions to Arctic Conditions
|Lead Author||Kai, Ryynänen|
|Institution Contact||Lapland University of Applied Sciences Jokiväylä 11 FI-96300 Rovaniemi Finland Phone +358 40 5261596|
|Theme||Theme 5: New Markets for the Arctic, including Trade, Tourism and Transportation|
|Session Name||5.1 Arctic Tourism Futures|
|Abstract text||Snow and ice material are pure natural resources of the Arctic area. Snow and ice are also the key elements in winter tourism especially in the Nordic countries. In Finnish Lapland has a multitude of attractions that provide visitors unique arctic experiences in snow and ice constructed environments. In Finland snow and ice operator and builders usually are SME. There is lack of knowledge of using snow and ice as construction material.
In Finland snow and ice structures are constructed and used according to uniform guidelines. Design and construction of snow and ice structures in Finland are described in guidelines such as the Design and Construction Guidelines for Snow Construction and the Snow and Ice Construction Guide.
The basic principle in designing snow and ice structures is to ensure the safety of the people using the structures. Snow, ice and slush can used a construction material within certain boundary conditions in compressive structures. In Finnish guidelines there is given type structures of snow and ice. Present type structures are walls, breastworks, towers, arches, vault and domes.
Next step is to build a network of local and regional research institutions and adopt policies that allow for long-term and stable co-operation in snow and ice research. Aims are to strengthen the research knowledge in the field of snow and ice physics, and to apply the outcome in the technological development and innovation of snow and ice construction.
Aim is to draw out instructions and building regulations in other countries. Also aiming to find new types of snow and ice structures. New learning environments are developed through innovation activities and co-operation between educational institutions e.g. courses in snow and ice construction and snow physics.
Next steps are to develop new innovations in snow and ice construction and to strengthen the opportunities for SMEs especially snow construction and tourism-based businesses.