International tourism in the Russian sector of the Arctic as a factor of sustainable social and economic development of territories
|Lead Author||Dmitryi, Sevastyanov|
|Institution Contact||St. Petersburg State University|
|Theme||Theme 5: New Markets for the Arctic, including Trade, Tourism and Transportation|
|Session Name||5.1 Arctic Tourism Futures|
|Abstract text||At present, the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation permanent population is about 1% of Russia's population, but is produced almost 12% of gross domestic product. The contribution of the Arctic zone of Russia's exports in the order of 25%. Exported a large proportion of copper, nickel, gold, platinum, oil and gas and other valuable raw material produced in the Arctic [Pavlenko, 2013]. The development of navigation along the Northern Sea Route (NSR) has become an urgent task of re-development of the country. A significant addition to the economic development of the Arctic region of the Russian Federation can become a cruise tourism on the basis of existing and projected icebreaking fleet. SMP - is not only economically significant strategic transport artery, but also an attractive route for the development of international tourism. [Sevastyanov et al., 2015].
Attractive objects to cruise tourism in the NSR can be protected areas on the islands of the Arctic Ocean (such as National Park "Russian Arctic" in the New Earth and the nature reserve on the Franz Josef Land, state nature reserve on Wrangel Island, and others.). The plan includes the development of SMEs reconstruction and regeneration of marine transport hubs on the road, such as the ports of Dudinka and Dixon, Tiksi, Pevek and Providence. Currently, the port of Murmansk made cruise tours to the Russian Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and the North Pole on nuclear icebreakers or as part of their ongoing convoys. The structure of the current Russian Atomflot has four major icebreaker with a capacity of 75 thousand units H.p. - "Russia", "Soviet Union", "Yamal", "50 Years of Victory", and two middle-class icebreaker - "Taimyr" and "Vaigach" with the capacity of 40 thousand units H.p. [Tishkov, 2012]
In 2013, the Russian Government adopted the "Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and the national security for the period till 2020". This strategy provides ... "the development of Arctic tourism and expansion of environmentally friendly types of tourism activities in the Arctic, the improvement of legal support in the sphere of tourism ... fostering regional tourism clusters, promotion of Arctic tourism at national and international markets" . Thus, Russia faces the urgent task of the integrated use of natural, social and tourist and recreational resources in the Arctic for socio-economic development of the northern polar regions.