Finnish Meteorological Institute

The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) is a research and service agency under the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The main objective of the FMI is to provide the Finnish nation with the best possible information about the atmosphere, sea, climate and space above and around Finland, for ensuring public safety relating to atmospheric, maritime and airborne hazards and for satisfying requirements for specialized meteorological and safety products.

FMI is a leading expert in meteorology, air quality, climate change, earth observation, space, marine and arctic research areas. FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually. FMI carries out Arctic research and development work (a) to better understand the Arctic climate system, (b) to develop operational services for the Arctic, and (c) to obtain better scientific basis for the protection of the Arctic environment. The research activities address Arctic meteorology, oceanography, sea ice, terrestrial snow, greenhouse gases and aerosols, stratospheric physics, ozone, and UV radiation, air quality, upper atmospheric physics, and solar particle forcing. FMI has an Arctic Research Centre in Sodankylä, Finnish Lapland. Referring to the University of Arctic Thematic Networks, FMI expertise is in themes related to global (climate) change (research, observations, remote sensing) especially in relation to snow and natural hazards (safety and operations in the Arctic), polar ice and climate dynamics, Arctic coastal and marine issues, as well as communicating in the Arctic (in Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, sea and climate).

FMI is active, among others, in the International Arctic Science Commission (IASC), the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks (SAON) and the Polar Prediction Project (PPP) under the WMO (World Meteorological Organization) WWRP (World Weather Research Programme). FMI is also a partner in four Nordic Centres of Excellence (Stability and Variations in Arctic Land Ice, Cryosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate, Tundra, and DEFROST) and two national Centres of Excellence.

Facts and figures

Year Established 1838
Total Number of Staff 693
Number of Academic Staff 291
Number of Students 50