Tourism strategies in protected areas in Northern Baikal: Frolikhinsky Wildlife Sanctuary case studies

Lead Author Natalia, Luzhkova
Institution Contact Federal State Establishment "Zapovednoe Podlemoye" Lenina st. 71, Ust-Barguzin, Republic of Buryatia Russia
Co-Authors Evgenia Bukharova, Federal State Establishment "Zapovednoe Podlemoye", Russia Andrey Razuvaev, Federal State Establishment "Zapovednoe Podlemoye", Russia Anastasia Myadzelets, V.B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS, Russia
Theme Theme 5: New Markets for the Arctic, including Trade, Tourism and Transportation
Session Name 5.1 Arctic Tourism Futures
Datetime Thu, Sep 15, 2016 01:00 PM - 01:20 PM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text Lake Baikal and wilderness of its northern shore attract thousands of international visitors every year. Here Frolikhinsky Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most popular destinations with warm Ayaya bay, glacial Lake Frolikha and coastal passes to Khakussy hot spring resort. Access limitations, double management, remoteness from administrations and lack of qualified stuff on-site caused difficulties in complex ecotourism development. The goal of research was geo-ecological assessment of tourism opportunities. Objectives included analysis of management plans and existing infrastructure; soil, vegetation and geosystem mapping, establishment of monitoring sites, and proposal of development scenario. In 2012, Federal State Establishment “Zapovednoe Podlemorye” (United Administration of Barguzinsky State Nature Biosphere Reserve, Zabaikalsky National Park and Frolikhinsky Wildlife Sanctuary) started protection of the sanctuary and provided a long-term management plan. Active tourism with hiking, biking trails and water routes around Lake Frolikha was the priority. Several methods (geosystem mapping, botanical description, soil sampling, hiking trail assessment) were applied on seven recreational sites. We recommended constructing three sites, improving four out of five hiking trails, and building additional biking facilities on the trail linking Lake Baikal and Lake Frolikha. Two trails received priorities; we made detailed maps for their vicinities and established monitoring sites near paths. The development scenario fit in possible functional zoning and an integrated map showed priorities. As the land belonged to the regional forest service division, its administration had to approve constructions as well. In the future “Zapovednoe Podlemorye” considers Frolikhinsky Wildlife Sanctuary as a cluster site of Zabaikalsky National Park. In this case, the establishment receives full rights for area management, and research results form foundation for ecotourism development. Frolikhinsky Wildlife Sanctuary has potential to become a popular destination with environmentally friendly tourism infrastructure in Northern Baikal.