Future Legal Development in the Arctic: Prerequisites and Prospects
|Lead Author||Viatcheslav, Gavrilov|
|Institution Contact||Professor of International Law, School of Law, Far Eastern Federal University D346, Building D, FEFU Campus 10, Ajaks str., Ostrov Russky Vladivostok, 690922, Russia|
|Theme||Theme 2: Vulnerability of Arctic Societies|
|Session Name||2.1 The role of law and institutions in Arctic transformation process|
|Datetime||Wed, Sep 14, 2016 01:40 PM - 02:00 PM|
|Abstract text||While the significance of the Arctic is increasing in the modern world, the international community is facing some challenging tasks, which nowadays determine the essence and main areas of cooperation between the Arctic States and other interested actors in the region.
The most important among them lies in determining basic characteristics of the multilateral governance of the Arctic and improving mechanisms and procedures that already exist within the Arctic Council and other regional institutions and are intended to ensure its effective implementation.
It is impossible to complete those tasks without increasing the role of universal and regional legal norms in the Arctic governance system. This statement is based on objective factors of social, political and economic nature accompanied by the gradual formation of a broad consensus among the Arctic States concerning the list of and solutions to the Arctic Region issues and the creation of improved international projects and programs required for the completion of such tasks.
Therefore, the main goal of this topic is to determine key prerequisites and prospects for the improvement of the legal regime existing in the Arctic and for the institutional support of international cooperation between States and other entities in the use of various possibilities of the Arctic Region while ensuring its comprehensive safety.
The main attention in the paper is given to the following issues:
1) Identification of promising areas of international cooperation in the Arctic Region that require legal and other regulation and the role of legal and non-legal regulators in that process;
2) Significance of universal and regional acts and their correlation for increasing the effectiveness of the Arctic governance; the role of the Arctic and non-Arctic States in solving that issue;
3) Analysis of potential of the Arctic Council and other international institutions to support the further development of the legal regulation of the Arctic use and preservation.
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