IOC and its interests in the Arctic
|Lead Author||Iouri, Oliounine|
|Institution Contact||UNESCO/IOC 7, place Fontenoy, Paris 75007, France|
|Theme||Theme 2: Vulnerability of Arctic Societies|
|Session Name||2.1 The role of law and institutions in Arctic transformation process|
|Abstract text||With the increased geo-political attention given to the Arctic and with a dramatic climate change bringing rapid environmental and social transformations the role of international organizations dealing with ocean matters is being considerably increased.
Founded in 1960, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) operated as an autonomous body within UNESCO is considered today by the United Nations as a focal point for ocean observation, ocean science, ocean services and data exchange.
A vital role in addressing some of the major challenges facing the world, and the Arctic in particular, such as global monitoring of climate change that affects the Arctic (sea temperature rise, sea level change, acidification), protecting marine biodiversity against different types of pollution, and establishment and coordination of an operational ocean observing system will be discussed and services to society from an IOC sustained ocean observing system demonstrated.
Special attention will be paid to the role of IOC in capacity development of polar scientists and practitioners and in creating awareness by the general public regarding the global importance of the processes going on in the Arctic and of the need to address them in a coordinated, sustained, planned, timely, and resourceful manner. Examples of the IOC mechanisms to achieve these objectives will be given.
Finally a short retrospective will be given of large international scientific initiatives targeted to monitoring and research which have been implemented in the Arctic and of the progress achieved in planning a new polar initiative which will address emerging challenges caused by existing opportunities of melting ice.