Resilience and Domestic Rangifer Breeds in Zabaikal'e

Lead Author David, Anderson
Institution Contact Dept of Anthropology University of Aberdeen
Co-Authors Vladimir Davydov, Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunst Kamera), Russia Knut Røed, UNBU, Norway Kjersti Kvie, UNBU, Norway
Theme Theme 3: Local and Traditional Knowledge
Session Name 3.1 Arctic Human-Rangifer Communities: Vulnerability, Resilience, Adaption to Global Changes
Datetime Wed, Sep 14, 2016 03:15 PM - 03:30 PM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text This paper reports on a three year study of the history five local reindeer herds across Zabaikal'e and southern Iakutiia. The study is based on in-depth interviews with Evenki reindeer herders and on the analysis of genetic samples taken from twelve domestic reindeer populations and four wild Rangifer populations in the same regions. The paper comparers the opinions of the herders of the uniqueness and identity of their herds to interpretations suggested by matrilineal mitochondrial signatures and neutral microsatellite signatures. The paper discusses striking evidence for the resilience of local breeding techniques which have consistently maintained distinct populations while managing a programme of deliberate interbreeding with wild Rangifer. The paper also presents a mosaic of herd types in the region which often displace each other yet maintaining a stable regional picture over time.
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