Reindeer as a symbol of Arctic Identity

Lead Author Daria, Burnasheva
Institution Contact North-Eastern Federal University (Russia), University of Warsaw (Poland) ul. Krochmalna 2, 609, Warsaw, 00-694 ul. Petrovskogo 21/1, 11, Yakutsk, 677000
Theme Theme 3: Local and Traditional Knowledge
Session Name 3.1 Arctic Human-Rangifer Communities: Vulnerability, Resilience, Adaption to Global Changes
Presentation Type Poster
Abstract text A mixed-methods approach was undertaken to assess different types of Arctic symbols using quantitative methods and to understand their meaning through qualitative approach. Young Russian, Sakha (Yakut), Evenki, Even and Yukaghir representatives aged between 15 and 29 years old in three urban settlements of Yakutsk, Srednekolymsk and Tiksi were asked to answer a question about Arctic symbol (sample size – 108). The locations were chosen so that the answers could represent a wide, diverse area from central subarctic zone of Yakutia to its coastal arctic territories. The survey collected a wide range of answers, but the most popular symbols were polar bear and reindeer. The results of survey show that there is a correlation between the chosen symbol and ethnic background. This article focuses on the reindeer as a symbol of Arctic identity, thus, its indigenous perspective.