Icons of prosperity in modern life of the Nenets people

Lead Author Galina, Khariuchi
Institution Contact Center for the study of Arctic, Yamal-Nenetz Autonomous Region. 629008 Salekhard, Respubliki, 73, k.609/ +7 (34922) 4-64-21/ +7 90281 6 23 16
Theme Theme 4: Building Long-term Human Capacity
Session Name 4.4 Circumpolar Health and Well-Being
Datetime Wed, Sep 14, 2016 11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text Economic situation and economic activity of Nenets were always connected with their traditional activities – reindeer herding, fishing and hunting. Reindeer herding, the main sector of economy, served as a foundation of peoples' well-being. To own many reindeer means to have a high social status. Pursuing to grow a livestock at the beginning of XXI century is vital need, as well-being and prosperity of a reindeerherder family depend on such factors as environment, predators, epizootic.
Today as a result of industrial development leading to the shortage of pastures, it becomes problematic to have a large herd. Still to this day the most important question for aboriginal people survival remains their primordial land for their prosperious living and how structured their economic system should be. The well-being of aboriginal people leading nomadic way of life and living in villages and settlements depends on their health and their lifestyle. Quality of their life depends on their cultural level and their living standards. Using of industrial tooling significally simplifies traditional economic activity. Growth of salary has become one of the factors for the improvement of material situation of nomadic population. Though slowly but the traditional system of values of the tundra Nenets is changing. Religion is of great importance for an emotional and mental wellbeing. Nowdays Nenets mostly keep their traditional beliefs, a few have converted into baptism. Ecology and ethnic factors influence aboriginal peoples' health, their social and plsychological being as also enviroment. Therefore the most important goal is preserving of natural environment and their traditional way of life based on new technologies, reduction of the pollution of their environment.
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