Sustainable development of ecosystems and local communities in the industrial development of the Arctic regions

Lead Author Ivan, Potravny
Institution Contact Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Chair "Management of Projekts and programms
Theme Theme 5: New Markets for the Arctic, including Trade, Tourism and Transportation
Session Name 5.3 Management of the High North: the role of context, strategies and plans
Datetime Wed, Sep 14, 2016 01:45 PM - Wed, Jun 08, 2016 02:00 PM
Presentation Type Oral
Abstract text In "the Fundamentals of state policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period till 2020 and further perspective" (2008) the territory of the far North is regarded as a strategic resource base development. In recent years, there is a process of active industrial development of the territories, including the lands of compact residence of indigenous peoples of the North. Therefore, the development of mechanisms of interaction of business with indigenous peoples of the North in industrial development of territories. Thus one of the tools to reconcile the interests of the target groups in the field of traditional nature use is an ethnological examination of projects.

Currently on the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the stage of substantiation, development and implementation of a number of projects for the industrial development of territories in the Arctic zone, one way or another affect the interests of the indigenous peoples of the North in the exercise of their traditional economic activities. Such projects include the following:
- extraction of rare earth metals at the Tomtor Deposit;
- development and production of alluvial diamond field on the moon;
- prospecting, exploration of oil and gas, oil and gas manifestations in the Arctic zone on the territory of Oleneksky Evenki national district;
- exploration and mining of alluvial diamonds at the field Talagtag, of Bolshaya Kuonamka river;
- prospecting and production of alluvial diamonds in the concession area at the Malaya Kuonamka river, etc.

In 2015 the JSC "Almazy Anabara" acted on its own initiative with a proposal to conduct research on the impact of changes on original habitat and socio-cultural development of indigenous minorities of the North in the area of operations in the Malaya Kuonamka river on the territory of municipal district "Oleneksky Evenki national district". It should be noted that OJSC "Almazy Anabara", a subsidiary enterprise of OJSC ALROSA, the largest company in the world, the world's leading diamond mining at alluvial deposits.

In the presentation and the report will show the methodology, procedure of research on the subject in order to ensure sustainable development of ecosystems and local communities in the region, reviewed the results of the assessment of possible losses to the users of land and other natural resources in places of traditional residence and traditional economic activities of indigenous minorities of the North. Will be presented the results of sociological and ethnographic research on the problem.

Main purpose of the presentation and report is to develop the development of a mechanism to coordinate the interests and needs of different target groups in the industrial development of the territory, including the mechanisms of compensation of losses and sustainable development of the territory under consideration, will be proposed scheme of interaction between target groups when assessing the impact of planned industrial development of territories of traditional nature use of indigenous numerically small peoples of the North.
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