By Victor Antonovich Sadovnichy
President of the Russian Union of Rectors, Rector, Lomonosov Moscow State University
In 2022, the Russian Federation will assume the chairmanship of the Arctic Council. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, which is responsible for research and educational development programs within the framework of the Arctic Council activities, expresses its full support for the UArctic Congress 2022 to be held at Lomonosov Moscow State University.
This event, important for global interstate cooperation, will take place with participation of rectors and presidents of universities – members of UArctic, representatives of the rectors’ community in Russia, interested in discussing the Arctic agenda and further plans for the development of the Arctic.
The UArctic Congress 2022 will be organized to ensure the contribution of the Russian Federation to the implementation of the Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation. The Congress will be included in the general program of the Russian chairmanship of the Arctic Council and promises to become a top-of-the-line event in the development of international scientific cooperation in the Arctic.
We are very pleased that the UArctic Congress 2022 will be held at Moscow State University, one of the leading Russian centers of Arctic research. We conduct interdisciplinary research and implement large projects to study the Arctic, both in the field of natural sciences (geology, ecology, biology, geography, etc.) and humanities (world politics, global problems, regional studies, international relations, history, etc.).
I am convinced that the upcoming Congress will become a high-level international and interdisciplinary platform for discussing and solving the most challenging problems related to the development of the Arctic region, and will serve to enhance international cooperation between experts, policy makers and other specialists from the countries where UArctic member institutions are located.
The main thematic areas of Arctic research in the field of natural sciences conducted at Moscow State University are:
- Study of contemporary changes in the natural environment of the Arctic and factors that determine them
- Forecast of adverse environmental consequences of anthropogenic impact and/or climatic changes in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, risk analysis of natural and man-made emergencies, adaptation and mitigation measures for population and economy
- Development scenarios for industrial and transport infrastructure of the Arctic zone, including places where indigenous small-numbered peoples reside and conduct their traditional economic activities
- Scientific basis for the development of seaports and shipping routes infrastructure in the Arctic Ocean, risk projection related to resource exploitation of the Russian Arctic seas
- Assessment of river use in the Arctic zone, including the impact of climate change on hydrological conditions and hazardous hydrological phenomena
- Analysis and scientific rationale for the development of a network for hydrometeorological observations and environmental monitoring, including the use of remote sensing data;
- Assessment of the probability of toxic substances and causative agents of dangerous infectious diseases entering the Arctic zone
- Assessment of the state and dynamics of bioproductivity and biodiversity of Arctic ecosystems in the context of climatic changes and growth of production and transportation of raw hydrocarbons
- Development of scientific foundations for protection and restoration of rare and endangered species, and biological remediation of ecosystems in the Arctic