Nordisk Fond for Miljø og Udvikling

Nordisk Fond for Miljø og Udvikling (NFMU) is a non-profit charity foundation in Greenland/Denmark ( NFMU develops tools and methods, carries out research, connects persons and institutions, builds capacity, and supports interventions on the ground. Founded in 1991, NFMU has the declared goal of supporting local, innovative conservation and development initiatives in remote communities.

The foundation has a long history of working with research, capacity-building and technical assistance in community-based natural resource management in coastal areas, wetlands and land areas, including twenty years of experience with developing, testing and institutionalising participatory resource monitoring.

Globally, NFMU has spearheaded the development of bottom-up approaches to natural resource monitoring and management, where local people or local government staff are directly involved in data collection and interpretation, and where monitoring is linked to the decisions of local people, using methods that are simple, cheap and require few resources. Such approaches can help generate transparency, accountability and local ownership in sustainable natural resource management initiatives.

In Greenland, with local partners NFMU has assisted the Government in establishing community-based natural resource monitoring in seven communities in Qaasuitsup Kommunia ( In Arctic Russia, NFMU is working with RAIPON, Yasavey Association of Reindeer Herders in Nenet Autonomous Okrug in providing Nenet communities with further tools and practical experience with which to engage in a constructive, data-based dialogue on pastureland management with the government (“Opening Doors to the Native Knowledge of the Nenet Reindeer Herders”).

NFMU is coordinating the international Monitoring Matters Network, which involves researchers and practitioners from universities, community-based and non-governmental organizations, and government agencies ( The research publications by NFMU on participatory environmental monitoring and ecosystem services are among the most cited in their field and have contributed to changes in both national and international policies. The NFMU is member of the CSO Network of the Global Environment Facility, a volunteer structure of GEF accredited organisations.

Facts and figures

Year Established 1991
Total Number of Staff 10
Number of Academic Staff 9
Number of Students 8
Focus Areas

Connecting indigenous, local and scientific knowledge systems

Community based natural resource management and monitoring

Use of indigenous and local knowledge to manage resources

Participatory natural resource monitoring

Adaptive management