The new perspective delineates next-generation biotechnologies for carbon capture for sequestration and utilization (CCSU) supported by engineering design principles derived from ecological processes inspired by three major biomes (plant-soil, deep biosphere, and marine). These are to interface with existing industrial infrastructure and, in some cases, tap into the carbon sink potential of nature. To develop ecosystem-inspired biotechnology, it is important to identify accessible control points of CO2 and CH4 within a given system as well as value-chain opportunities that drive innovation. In essence, natural biogeochemical carbon sinks must be supplemented with new bioengineering solutions.
You can access and download the perspective here. The perspective is also accessible from other platforms.